Volume 6 - Issue 3, November 2006
Site Spotlight - Isla Natividad, Baja California
Reef Check Champion - Mike Guardino
Reef Check News
Reef Check Teams in Action
|Tribute to Eddy Medora|
|Reef Check Establishes Eddy Medora
Reef Check Board Member Eddy Medora passed away on October 26, 2006 following a brief respiratory illness. Eddy was a California kid, who began working in earnest in the 7th grade playing lead guitar for “the Renegades”, a garage band that rehearsed in his parent’s home in Pacific Palisades. Later Eddy became the lead guitarist and saxophone player for “the Sunrays”, playing all over West Los Angeles. In 1963 Eddy met Carl and Dennis Wilson of the Beach Boys, who introduced the Renegades to their father, Murray Wilson, who was looking for another group to manage. A string of hits followed, including “I Live for the Sun” and “Andrea,” and were released by Tower Records. The band played (singing in five part harmonies) under several names, including “The Snowmen”, “The Rangers”, and finally “The Sunrays”. For great photos and stories about Eddy’s early life please visit the Sunrays website at http://sunrays718.tripod.com/id1.html and an interview at http://www.earcandymag.com/sunrays.htm
Sunrays performed with a seemingly endless list of music greats, including
the Rolling Stones, the Beach Boys, the Byrds, Jefferson Airplane, the
Doors, Neil Sedaka, the Loving Spoonful, the Righteous Brothers and Neil
Diamond. They played such venues as the Hollywood Bowl, Disneyland and the
Cow Palace, and were featured on every major television show devoted to
music during the fifties and sixties, including Dick Clark’s American
Bandstand, Casey Kasem’s Shebang, and “Hollywood-a-Go-Go”.
first job was working as a designer at Barker Brothers Design Centers, and
his clients included Lorne Green of Bonanza fame, Jimmy Durante, Dean
Martin and Bob Hope. Eddy’s talents as a painter were developed more
recently, and he was in high demand for his portraits in Beverly Hills.
His work can be seen at: http://medorapaintings.tripod.com.
Eddy was very generous, and donated a number of his paintings to Reef
Check auctions, including Reef Rescue ‘06.
was best known in the entertainment community as the beloved National
Marketing Director for the Walt Disney Company, where he worked from 1970
until his retirement in 2000. In his thirty years at Disney Eddy met and
befriended all of Hollywood, and his passing has left every one of his
friends and family with a heavy heart and endless memories of Eddy’s wit
and charm. Eddy’s lively good humor was a constant source of energy and
laughter at Board Meetings and events. He was one of the key designers of
the “Inhabitants” Las Vegas show and our annual Reef Rescue event. His
advice on marketing and sales was invaluable in the development of the
Reef Check EcoAction program that includes a variety of books and
will be remembered forever for his irascible humor and for the wonderful
stories that were made even richer through the prism of Eddy’s humor and
love of life. At the request of his lovely wife Joann and his beautiful
children Nicole and Christopher we have established a Memorial Fund that
will carry his name and that will be used to fund the Reef Check
California program so that we can continue to care for the reefs where
Eddy used to play. We will also name a California reef survey site after
Eddy and carry out an annual survey there in his name. If you would like
to make a tax deductible donation, you may use the PayPal button at www.reefcheck.org/news/eddy.asp or simply send your check to Reef Check
Foundation, P.O. Box 1057, Pacific Palisades, CA 90272 and make a note
that your gift is to support the Eddy Medora Memorial Fund.
|Site Spotlight- Isla Natividad, Baja California|
wish to thank the Buzos y Pescadores and community of Isla Natividad for
their generous hospitality and dedication to marine conservation, as well as
COBI for organizing such a wonderful project.
|Reef Check Champion- Mike Guardino|
month we are proud to feature Mike Guardino as our Reef Check Champion. He
has been an integral part of Reef Check California’s great success
during our first year of sampling. Mike is a certified PADI instructor and
a teacher at Carmel High School where he has taught a Subtidal Marine
Research course to students since 1998. The students learn to identify an
extensive list of local marine algae, invertebrates and fish, as well as
basic scientific sampling techniques.
At the completion of the course, the students receive an American
Academy of Underwater Sciences dive certification which is required by all
University dive programs.
Beginning this fall semester, Mike will be teaching his students
the California Program sampling protocols. Mike and his students have
adopted two survey sites in Carmel Bay and have already successfully
completed one. Mike’s students will monitor these sites on a regular
basis, thus strengthening the foundation of the statewide sampling network
we have begun to build.
Mike loves the ocean and diving and told me, “…there is nothing
more beautiful than watching the sun filter through a kelp canopy and
nothing more gratifying than sharing that with a young person.”
He also told me that using the Reef Check California protocols
makes him feel optimistic that the efforts of his class may eventually
help establish more Marine Protected Areas and improve marine management.
Mike is an incredible asset and has brought an amazing wealth of knowledge
and experience to the Reef Check Team. We look forward to continuing to
work with Mike and supporting his class’ efforts. Thanks Mike!!!
|Reef Check News|
New Staff at Reef Check Headquarters
Cori Kane - Program Manager
First EcoAction Training of Trainers Held
Reef Check Inhabitants Show in Las Vegas
A Big Hit
result was a spectacular show and a very enthusiastic crowd. Video clips
and photos from the night can be viewed online at http://www.reefcheck.org/events/inhabitants/inhabitants.asp.
Plans are already being made to incorporate elements of the show into
future Reef Check events. Special thanks to all the participants,
Chameleon Studios, and sponsor Oronoco Rum which donated a mojito bar for
RC California Director, Dr. Craig Shuman
is hard for me to believe that our first official field season is behind us.
In eighteen short months (trust me, they flew by) we applied our tropical
model of community monitoring to the temperate waters of California.
We designed, peer reviewed, and field tested the Reef Check
California monitoring protocol, developed a comprehensive set of training
and testing materials, and completed dozens of public presentations and
outreach events. We successfully completed seven training workshops and have
certified upwards of 70 volunteer divers from Humboldt County to Palm
Springs to participate in Reef Check California surveys.
Under Cyndi Dawson’s fearless leadership, the central coast teams surveyed 12 sites in preparation for the implementation of the new network of marine reserves approved by the California Fish and Game Commission on August 15, 2006 (http://www.dfg.ca.gov/MRD/mlpa/commissiondocs.html). Not to be outdone, the teams in southern California completed surveys of 8 sites in Santa Barbara, Ventura and Los Angeles Counties for a total of 20 new survey sites in our first year!!!
exciting development is the inclusion of several new partners into the Reef
Check California network.
We wish to welcome the dive programs of Humboldt State University,
the Monterey Bay Aquarium, Carmel High School, Santa Barbara Channel Keeper,
the University of California Santa Barbara Research Experience and Education
Facility, and the Long Beach Aquarium of the Pacific as our first
institutional partners to join the monitoring network.
Each of these groups has completed at least one Reef Check California
survey and/or training and many will be offering the course to their divers
on an ongoing basis.
Finally, I am pleased to announce that our first California brochure
has been printed.
Thanks to the generous folks at Quiksilver, our brochure will help to
spread the word about our program.
|Reef Check Teams in Action|
Reef Check Philippines Hosts
“Visions of the Reef” to Garner Support for Local Reefs
September 15, Reef Check Philippines organized "Visions of the
Reef", a fundraising photo and film exhibit held at the Rockwell Loft
in Manila. The event aimed to increase public awareness of the dazzling
beauty of the country’s coral reefs and the need to protect them, and to
raise funds for Reef Check’s activities such as training divers and
fishermen to monitor reef health and the establishment of marine protected
of the Reef” featured the stunning and award-winning photos of
underwater photographer Gutsy Tuason and the beautiful footage from
cinematographers Marissa Floirendo and Carina Escudero. Ballet
Philippines, Cynthia Alexander and Pinikpikan provided musical
performances. Dr. Domingo Ochavillo, Executive Director of Reef Check
Philippines, gave an overview of Reef Check activities to conserve coral
reefs. The guest speaker, Mr. Federico Lopez, President of First Gen,
spoke eloquently on the need for corporate responsibility for marine
conservation especially since the Philippines sits at the global center of
coral reef biodiversity. The event was hosted by celebrity Paolo Abrera
and actress-model Angel Aquino, and presenters included Studio 23,
Conservation International Sulu-Sulawesi Conservation Program, DHL,
Jewelmer, Aquamundo, First Philippine Conservation Inc., Newsbreak,
Hewlett Packard, Manila Bulletin, The Radio Partners Inc., and Campaigns
Social Response. Other sponsors included Sea Air, TechnoMarine, Tris-Star,
Direct Aquatic, Cuervo, CPKelco, Davao Pearl Farm Resort, El Nido Resorts,
Solana Bezo Resort, Alegre Beach Resort, Ocean Adventure, Captn Gregg's
Resort, Taal Lake Yatch Club, Oceana Resort and Garden Spa.
celebrities and public figures who lent their time for the event’s cause
included Margie Moran-Floirendo, Richard Guttierez, Amanda Griffin and the
environmental policy senator Jamby Madrigal.
Reef Check Australia Partners with
Reef Check and Earthwatch Join Forces for
you are interested in joining one of the 2007 Thailand expeditions already
scheduled, visit http://www.earthwatch.org/site/pp2.asp?c=dsJSK6PFJnH&b=1170773
for more information and booking details.
Monitoring South Sinai’s
scientists at the Red Sea Environmental Centre (RSEC) in Dahab (South
Sinai, Gulf of Aqaba), are currently observing a human impact on the reefs
of Dahab of apparently substantial magnitude. Their observations are based
on sightings from numerous dives, snorkelling transects and near-shore
inspections and reveal almost daily violations of National Parks'
regulations. Frequent violations include net and line fishing within reef
areas, mechanical coral damage by fishermen as well as recreational
snorkelers and divers, and solid waste pollution. Due to these sightings,
the scientists felt a pressing need for thorough documentation of the
overall health status of the coral reefs and their linked habitats.
‘Dahab Reef Monitoring’ will not only provide core data for the global
Reef Check database, but
is particularly intended to serve as a basic tool in conservation
management of the South Sinai coastal environment. The data will provide
greater detail, specificity and validity for interpretation, better
detectability of changes in reef health and thus assist resource managers
of the protected areas in design and implementation of environmental
action plans. The procedures of the ‘Dahab Reef Monitoring’ are by no
means restricted to Dahab and its surroundings, but may well be applied to
other reef sites both along the Gulf of Aqaba and further sites along
Egyptian Red Sea shores. For information or to find out how you can help: email@example.com
Reef Check 2006 in the Negril Marine
data analyses indicated a range of coral cover from a high of
approximately 23% at El Punto de Negrilo to a low of 1% at Sandy Cay.
Cover by Nutrient Indicator Algae (NIA) ranged from 61% at the El Punto de
Negrilo shallow site to a low of 15% at the Little Bay deep site. Bloody
Bay, the best reef site selected, had a hard coral cover of 14% at the
shallow site and a NIA percentage of 24% and 40% at shallow and deep
sites, respectively. The revision in the Reef Check methodology to include
all algae in the NIA category has resulted in a dramatic increase in NIA
readings for Bloody Bay.
populations were low at all sites. Fish from the Haemulidae (Grunts)
family were observed more often than other families, followed by fish from
the Lutjanidae (Snapper) family. At Bloody Bay, the fish moved towards the
diver suggesting that there was fish feeding activity in the area. Due to
the high incidence of spear fishing in Jamaica, fish generally move away
|Coral Reef Impacts of the 2005 Caribbean Bleaching Event|
Coral Reef Impacts of the 2005 Caribbean
disease outbreaks, bleaching and other stressors caused by human impacts
have increased coral mortality throughout the world in the past 25 years.
Although there are many factors responsible for coral mortality,
bleaching has been regarded as the major agent of change responsible in
both the widespread mortality of corals as well as changes in coral reef
community structures. Large-scale
bleaching is predominantly triggered by elevations in sea surface
temperatures and in recent years there have been unprecedented increases
in sea surface temperatures in many areas of the tropical oceans.
2005 a major coral bleaching event occurred in the Caribbean Sea, on par
with some of the largest bleaching events on record.
In addition to scheduled surveys, after the initial onset of
bleaching, Reef Check teams were deployed to conduct surveys and record
the potential effects of the major bleaching event.
Over 185 Reef Check surveys were conducted between January 2004 and
June 2006 in 16 different countries and territories within the Caribbean
region before, during and after the bleaching event. As a result, Reef
Check has been able to determine the extent of coral bleaching and
mortality in the Caribbean Sea.
a Caribbean-wide basis, the effects of the 2005 bleaching event were
percentage of bleached corals per 100m2
of reef ranged from 2 to 62%.
Bleaching occurred from depths of 2 to 12 meters, indicating that
even mid-depth corals were affected by the increased sea surface
of the biggest concerns regarding coral bleaching events is coral
have the ability to survive after becoming bleached, but if the stress
that causes bleaching occurs for too long or is too intense, these corals
will eventually die. Of
the corals surveyed, mortality ranged from 4 to 15% Caribbean-wide.
overall bleaching was high (up to 62% overall with some reefs experiencing
100%), mortality was relatively low, ranging from 4 to 15% as a result of
the 2005 Caribbean bleaching event.
Proposed mechanisms may depend on the resiliency of the coral
species themselves. Massive
or mounding corals may be less susceptible to the effects of bleaching
than branching corals.
As a result, if major bleaching events continue to occur, there
could be potential shifts in dominant corals to those that are best able
to resist bleaching and subsequent mortality.
This can be detected already in different parts of the world.
By contrast, the 1998 Indo-Pacific event resulted in approximately
95% mortality in corals at some locations.
Caribbean reefs are dominated by massive corals and have
experienced lower mortality rates than those observed in the Indo-Pacific.
a result of the hard work and numerous surveys conducted by Reef Check
teams throughout the Caribbean, we have been able to successfully evaluate
the effects of the 2005 bleaching event.
The data received from these teams have been provided to groups
such as the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
and the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN) for further analysis
and publication. Detailed
results have also been presented at the 3rd
annual International Tropical Marine Ecosystems Management
which was held in Cozumel in October.
We greatly appreciate the efforts of teams in the following countries for their extra surveying efforts: the Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, the British Virgin Islands, Colombia, Cuba, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Florida, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, the Netherlands Antilles, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and the US Virgin Islands. Without teams like these Reef Check could not achieve its primary goal: to reverse the coral reef crisis and to provide ecologically sound and financially sustainable solutions for local communities worldwide.
January 2004 to August 2005. During = August
thru December 2005. After =
January to May 2006.
|Mark Your Calendars|
Reef Check Hawai’i’s Luau With The
Stars: December 11, 2006
Expeditions Organizes Survey Trips to Honduras: March 18-30 & April 1-13, 2007
Cayos Cochinos form part of the world’s second largest barrier reef
system, known as the Meso-American Barrier Reef, and have been identified
as one of the key sections of the barrier reef system to preserve. Data
from this survey will be compared to that of other parts of the Meso-American
Barrier Reef System and to reefs worldwide. For more information contact
Erin McCloskey at firstname.lastname@example.org or call toll free
(800) 407-5761. See www.biosphere-expeditions.org/honduras for more
EcoExpedition: July 28 - August
next survey trip is in January 2007, and the following one (with spaces
available) will be from July 28th to August 10th 2007. You can book now
our site for further information and to download reports: http://www.mcsuk.org/mcsaction/diverspages/coral+reef+surveys+with+mcs
|Support Reef Check|
Underwater Guide with Slate & Pencil
to make the most of your diving and snorkeling experience? Then take
the Reef Check Underwater guide with you. More than just a standard
fish ID sheet, the RC Underwater Field guide has photos and key facts
on over 50 different reef species, allowing you to fully explore and
understand life on the world’s coral reefs. It’s like taking a
marine biologist with you on every dive. There is also a slate and
pencil so you can record what you see and contribute valuable data on
the health of the world’s coral reefs. Order yours today. Your
diving will never be the same.
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